Health and Fitness

Musculoskeletal disorders-Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis& Treatment

Musculoskeletal disorders are a common cause of disability and morbidity globally. What’ more? They are prevalent among the elderly but can affect everyone-including children. Musculoskeletal disorders include multiple problems affecting the joints, muscles, and bones. But, with early diagnosis, it’s easier to manage and control the pain.

What are musculoskeletal disorders?

Musculoskeletal disorders affect your joints, muscles, and bones. They may include bone fractures, fibromyalgia, tendinitis, and more. For this reason, the doctor may order

Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Scans and other tests to determine the severity of the problem.

In most cases, they affect any area of your musculoskeletal system. These include;

  • Neck
  • Hips
  • Back
  • Knees
  • Feet
  • Wrists

These complications can limit your movement and motion. They can also interfere with your day-to-day activities, making it challenging to accomplish your routine tasks like walking, cooking, washing, and typing.

 What are the leading causes of musculoskeletal disorders?

Various activities can increase your susceptibility to tear and wear of your musculoskeletal system. These are, for example;

  • Lifting heavy items
  • Sitting for long hours daily.
  • Poor sitting posture at work

Other factors that affect your risk of such disorders are; age, occupation, and lifestyle. Your level of activity and family history also have a role to play. The primary warning sign of musculoskeletal disorders is pain in the lower back.

Musculoskeletal disorders-how are they diagnosed?

If you exhibit any signs of musculoskeletal disorders, it’s critical to seek help from a professional and get a proper diagnosis. Besides, the treatment plan is determined by the cause of your symptoms. The doctor will perform a physical exam to investigate swelling, muscle weakness, pain, and redness.

The physician may as well order X-rays, Imaging tests, or MRI scans. These help in examining your bones and soft tissues. Blood tests may also be necessary, which determine whether you may be suffering from rheumatoid diseases.

 How are musculoskeletal disorders treated?

Once the doctor confirms that you have a musculoskeletal disorder, he or she will commence a treatment plan. This mostly depends on the severity of the symptoms and the overall diagnosis. The specialist will also prescribe over the counter medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. You’ll also be advised to engage in simple exercises to help deal with occasional pain.

For inflammation, in case of severe symptoms, you’ll get some medications to combat the pain. Physical therapy or occupational therapy may also be a viable option in some cases. These will help you to manage the pain and discomfort. And also adjust to your daily activities and environment.

What are the best ways to prevent musculoskeletal disorders?

As you age, your risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders increases. Your bones, muscles, and joints also deteriorate. It’s then essential to care for your body as you age. To achieve this, develop healthy habits like regular exercises to maintain strong and healthy bones. Moreover, maintain a good posture if your job entails sitting for long hours. Exercise caution when lifting heavy objects and minimize repetitive motions.

A quick wrap up

Musculoskeletal disorders can affect anyone, but the susceptibility increases with age. If you suffer from persistent lower back pain, seek medical help to ascertain whether you suffer from a Musculoskeletal. Like any other ailment, it’s easier to treat and manage the condition before the signs progress.

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